ISSN : 1796-217X
Volume : 4    Issue : 2    Date : April 2009

A Framework of Learner Development Ecosystem for Designing a Ubiquitous Educational
Informational Infrastructure
Hai Zhang and Takanori Maesako
Page(s): 124-131
Full Text:
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The methodology of designing ubiquitous learning environments has recently started to attract
considerable attention in various disciplines. From the viewpoint of researchers of educational
technology, this paper proposes a new framework of a learner development ecosystem for
designing a ubiquitous learning environment, which is built on the theory of social constructivism
proposed by Vygotsky, the theory of ecology of human development by Bronfenbrenner and the
knowledge spiral theory by Nonaka. We argue that a practical ubiquitous learning environment
should be regarded as a complex, dynamic ecosystem within which a learner’s knowledge is
continuously developed in the shape of spiral. Based on this framework, we suggest a technical
infrastructure and the implementation of ubiquitous learning in a real world context.

Index Terms
framework, design, ubiquitous learning, learning environment, social constructivism