JOURNAL OF SOFTWARE (JSW)
ISSN : 1796-217X
Volume : 4 Issue : 2 Date : April 2009
Special Issue: Advanced Distance Learning Technologies
Guest Editors: Wen-Chih Chang and Freya H. Lin
Wen-Chih Chang and Freya H. Lin
Full Text: PDF (196 KB)
Advanced Distance Education Technologies focused on the advanced techniques to provide
practical solutions for distance education. Including Communication Technologies, Intelligent
Technologies and Educational Technologies, advanced techniques construct a friendly and
innovating learning environment for learners with different learning space and various learning
style. For examples, Human-Computer Interaction, Agent-Based Software Systems, Internet and
Information Systems Development, Web-Based Tools, Internet and Information Systems
Development, Data Mining, Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing. Though pedagogies are less
emphasize, this special issue praise those proposed technologies and applications based on
educational theory, such as Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, intelligent tutoring,
individualized distance learning.
In this special issue, we invited some papers from ICWL (International Conference on Web-based
Learning) 2008, WBL (Workshop of Blended Learning) 2008 and ADET (Advanced Distance
Learning Technologies) 2008. All of these papers have been reviewed with second round and were
recommended to contain 30% more new material to be accepted and published in this Special
The first paper “A Chinese Handwriting Education System with Automatic Error Detection”
demonstrates a distance education application of a Chinese handwriting education system. This
system can automatically check the handwriting errors, such as the stroke production errors, stroke
sequence error and stroke relationship error. Zhi-Hui Hu, Yun Xu, Liu-Sheng Huang and Howard
Leung shows the experiment results to proof the system can handle more handwriting error cases
than existing methods with a higher accuracy. The handwriting teaching in traditional classroom
can be extended anywhere with this system, and allows students to practice homework at anytime
for Master Learning.
Next paper, “eLearning 2.0 – Technologies for Knowledge Transfer in European-Wide Network of
Schools” mentions a concept that experiences and knowledge are sharing through word-wide
social communities. Kawa Nazemi, Maja Ćukušić and Andrina Granić apply the concept to the EU-
project UNITE and set a European network of fourteen schools. In addition, this system presents an
iterative fourstage- process, covering scenario planning and implementation, validation in addition
to platform and process improvement. With the rapidly development of Web 2.0 technologies, this
paper shows another toward way of traditional classroom teaching paradigm.
To deserve to be mentioned, collaborative learning is an important feature in the traditional
classroom teaching paradigm. Thus, Jagadeesh Chandra A.P and R.D Sudhaker Samuel presents
“Web-Based Collaborative Learning Architecture for Remote Experiment on Control of Bioreactor’s
Environment” to provide collaborative learning and remote experiment on control of bioreactor’s
environment. To translate traditional collaborative characteristics into an Internet based on-line
collaborative learning environment, this paper proposes a system structure and functionalities by
establishing communication between the process control computer and remote users through the
Internet. With such revolutionary changes nowadays, collaborative working in an on-line
environment can be more accessibility.
Moreover, Ubiquitous Learning becomes more and more popular due to the success of ubiquitous
computing technique. A ubiquitous computing system involves some integration between
computing nodes and the real world. That is why ubiquitous learning environments can attract
learner easier and started to attract considerable attention in various disciplines. Next paper, Hai
Zhang and Takanori Maesako present “A Framework of Learner Development Ecosystem for
Designing a Ubiquitous Educational Informational Infrastructure”. In this paper, ubiquitous learning
environment is built on the theory of social constructivism proposed by Vygotsky, the theory of
ecology of human development by Bronfenbrenner and the knowledge spiral theory by Nonaka.
Based on those theories supported, the authors propose a new framework of a learner
development ecosystem to design ubiquitous learning environment.
With advanced computer and network technologies nowadays, learners could benefit from well-
developed distance learning systems for obtaining vast learning content, as well as performing
learning exercises at anytime, anywhere. One possible solution is to include some motivator factors
in the online learning activities. Jui-Hung Chen, Te-Hua Wang, Wen-Chih Chang, Louis R. Chao
and Timothy K. Shih present “Developing an Interactive Video Game-Based Learning Environment”
which combines the video-based course materials and game elements with an integrated learning
platform called “V-GBL” environment.
Multimedia integrating e-learning environment motivates learners’ study motivation, lecture
recording and organizing of visual information through user’s interaction at different technologies. Yi-
Chun Liao and Chun-Hong Huang propose “Automatic Video Segmentation and Story-Based
Authoring in E-Learning” which depicted a story-based editing and browsing system with the
automatic video segmentation. The authors use a video classification technology can be further
integrated to enhance the tool by using visual and audio information. The story-based editing is
similar to hypervideo. Hypervideo is used as a hyperlink in a web. An instructor constructs an
instructional material by hypervideo links.
Combing the traditional collaborative learning and Web 2.0 Blog together, Chun-Chia Wang depicts
“The Development of Collaborative Learning Environment with Learning Blogs”. Current researches
on collaborative learning paid little attention to the functionalities of group members. In order to
solve this problem, the author utilizes a Learning Blog (LBlog) to share experience and viewpoints
of group members, and achieve learning goals together in the end. The LBlog also integrates
Learning Management System (LMS) to manage the group members’ profiles to evaluate the
learners’ learning efficiency.
Knowledge is a product out of interaction. In online community learning, learners are encouraged to
ask questions and discuss answers with each others. However, interactions between learners and
between learner and instructor address a problem the instructor cannot be online all the time and it
is not possible for the instructor to deal with lots of questions proposed from learners in a timely
manner. “A Semantic FAQ System for Online Community Learning” proposed by Che-Yu Yang, this
is an automated FAQ system to support learning efficiency of community learning that everyone in
the learning system can share knowledge with and learn from each others.
Next paper, Lawrence Y. Deng, Yung-Hui Chen, Yi-Jen Liu and Chang Yu-Chi proposed “Ontology-
Oriented SCJP Learning and Assessing System Design” which is an advanced Petri Net model to
manage the workflow of a web-based multiple participants in virtual University. The presented
approach not only can conspicuously help the developer to comprehend the interaction relationship
but also to easily construct a shared and trusted virtual world. This approach was based on the
scaffolding theory. Their behaviors including the student’s self regulations and the teacher’s/virtual
campus regulations are performed and built with trust development.
Finally, we selected one paper integrating assessment method to estimate learner’s ability and
cluster learners in web based leanring environment. Wen-Chih Chang and Hsuan-Che Yang
propose “Applying IRT to Estimate Learning Ability and K-means Clustering in Web based
Learning”. The authors integrate these two theories and propose a combination methodology to
solve the estimation and diagnostic issues in e-learning environment. A web-based assist system
and a small experiment is performed as well. Experimental data is collected with forty sophomore
students studying “Business Data Communication” class at Dept. of Information Management in
Chung Hua University in Taiwan.
We hope that the readers of this Special Issue enjoy reading and finding it useful in Educational
Technologies development research. We would like to thank all the authors who worked hard to
add and prepare substantial materials to the conference versions. Also, we would like to thank the
Editor In Chief, George J. Sun for his patience throughout this process.
Wen-Chih Chang, Chung Hua University, Taiwan
Freya H. Lin, Chihlee Institute of Technology, Taiwan
Special Issue, Distance Learning