JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS (JCP)
ISSN : 1796-203X
Volume : 1    Issue : 1    Date : April 2006

An Energy-Efficient Clustering Algorithm for Multihop Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor
Networks
Selvadurai Selvakennedy and Sukunesan Sinnappan
Page(s): 40-47
Full Text:
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Abstract
Wireless sensor networks afford a new opportunity to observe and interact with physical
phenomena at an unprecedented fidelity. To fully realize this vision, these networks have to be
self-organizing, self-healing, economical and energy-efficient simultaneously. Since the
communication task is a significant power consumer, there are various attempts to introduce
energy-awareness within the communication stack. Node clustering, to reduce direct transmission
to the base station, is one such attempt to control energy dissipation for sensor data gathering. In
this work, we propose an efficient dynamic clustering algorithm to achieve a network-wide energy
reduction in a multihop context. We also present a realistic energy dissipation model based on the
results from stochastic geometry to accurately quantify energy consumption employing the
proposed clustering algorithm for various sensor node densities, network areas and transceiver
properties.

Index Terms
data gathering, clustering, energy efficient, stochastic geometry, wireless sensor network