JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS (JCM)
ISSN : 1796-2021
Volume : 3    Issue : 5    Date : October 2008

Waterfilling Estimation for AWGN MIMO Channel Modeled as a Random Matrix
Victor M. Vergara, Silvio E. Barbin, and Ramiro Jordan
Page(s): 12-22
Full Text:
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Abstract
Waterfilling solutions provide optimal power distribution in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)
system design. However, the optimal distribution is usually obtained through costly computational
processes, such as the determination of the system eigenvalues. For communication channels in a
fast paced environment, the costs are even higher due to the necessity of tracking channel changes.
In addition, the computational costs increase with the number of inputs and outputs, i.e. the size of
the MIMO channel matrix. A solution for reducing the computational burden is to utilize pre-
determined waterfilling based on the channel’s statistics. No updates are required unless the
channel statistical characteristics change. This work studies waterfilling estimations based on
random matrix theory. The results can be applied when the channel coefficients follow a Rayleigh
distribution and the noise is additive, white, and Gaussian.

Index Terms
MIMO systems, random matrix, eigenvalues, waterfilling