JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS (JCM)
ISSN : 1796-2021
Volume : 1    Issue : 7    Date : November/December 2006

A Peer-to-Peer Cooperation Enhancement Scheme and its Performance Analysis
Wei-Cherng Liao, Fragkiskos Papadopoulos, and Konstantinos Psounis
Page(s): 24-35
Full Text:
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Abstract
The performance of peer-to-peer systems depends on the level of cooperation of the system’s
participants. While most existing peer-to-peer architectures have assumed that users are generally
cooperative, there is great evidence from widely deployed systems suggesting the opposite. To
date, many schemes have been proposed to alleviate this problem. However, the majority of these
schemes are either too complex to use in practice, or do not provide strong enough incentives for
cooperation. In this work we propose a scheme based on the general idea that offering uploads
brings revenue to a user, and performing downloads has a cost. We also introduce a theoretical
model that predicts the performance of the system and computes the values of the scheme’s
parameters that achieve a desired performance. Our scheme is quite simple and very easy to
implement. At the same time, it provides very strong incentives for cooperation and improves the
performance of P2P networks significantly. In particular, theory and realistic simulations show that it
reduces the query response times and file download delays by one order of magnitude, and
doubles the system’s throughput.

Index Terms
P2P networks, user cooperation, theoretical analysis, realistic simulations.