JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS (JCM)
ISSN : 1796-2021
Volume : 1    Issue : 3    Date : June 2006

An Energy-Aware Dynamic Clustering Algorithm for Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor
Networks
Mudasser Iqbal, Iqbal Gondal and Laurence Dooley
Page(s): 10-20
Full Text:
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Abstract
Energy efficient dynamic clustering offers a flexible paradigm to reconfigure the network in order to
maximise network’s life-time in resource constrained ad hoc sensor networks. The load profiles of
parent nodes (PNs) can be used to define its current state as well as to predict potential failures
caused by energy loss due to high loads on particular PNs. This paper proposes a novel dynamic
clustering algorithm for load balanced routing based upon route efficiency. The algorithm exploits
the pattern and load of traffic and energy dissipation rate of each node on the route to calculate the
node and route efficiencies. The proposed algorithm maintains PNs in a state whereby the network
life requirement is met by the PNs comprising the backbone of the network. Results prove that the
proposed methodology balances the load effectively to meet the network life requirement while
concomitantly preserving the network capacity.

Index Terms
Dynamic Clustering, Load Balanced Routing, Wireless Sensor Networks