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International Journal of

Recent Trends in Engineering

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International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering (IJRTE)

ISSN 1797-9617

Volume 1, Number 1, May 2009

Issue on Computer Science

Page(s): 663-667

Image Encryption Using Advanced Hill Cipher Algorithm

Bibhudendra Acharya, Saroj Kumar Panigrahy, Sarat Kumar Patra, and Ganapati Panda

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Abstract

The Hill cipher algorithm is one of the symmetric key algorithms that have several advantages in data encryption. But, the inverse of the key matrix used for encrypting the plaintext does not always exist. Then if the key matrix is not invertible, then encrypted text cannot be decrypted. In the Involutory matrix generation method the key matrix used for the encryption is itself invertible. So, at the time of decryption we need not to find the inverse of the key matrix. The objective of this paper is to encrypt an image using a technique different from the conventional Hill Cipher. In this paper a novel advanced Hill (AdvHill) encryption technique has been proposed which uses an involutory key matrix. The scheme is a fast encryption scheme which overcomes problems of encrypting the images with homogeneous background. A comparative study of the proposed encryption scheme and the existing scheme is made. The output encrypted images reveal that the proposed technique is quite reliable and robust.

Index Terms

Encryption, Decryption, Hill Cipher, Image Encryption, Advanced Hill Cipher

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