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International Journal of

Recent Trends in Engineering

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International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering (IJRTE)

ISSN 1797-9617

Volume 1, Number 1, May 2009

Issue on Computer Science

Page(s): 357-361

A Novel Trajectory Clustering technique for selecting cluster heads in Wireless Sensor Networks

Hazarath Munaga, J.V.R. Murthy, and N.B.Venkateswarlu

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Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) suffers from the hot spot problem where the sensor nodes closest to the base station are need to relay more packet than the nodes farther away from the base station. Thus, lifetime of sensory network depends on these closest nodes. Clustering methods are used to extend the lifetime of a wireless sensor network. However, current clustering algorithms usually utilize two techniques; selecting cluster heads with more residual energy, and rotating cluster heads periodically to distribute the energy consumption among nodes in each cluster and lengthen the network lifetime. Most of the algorithms use random selection for selecting the cluster heads. Here, we propose a novel trajectory clustering technique for selecting the cluster heads in WSNs. Our algorithm selects the cluster heads based on traffic and rotates periodically. It provides the first trajectory based clustering technique for selecting the cluster heads and to extenuate the hot spot problem by prolonging the network lifetime.

Index Terms

Trajectory clustering, Wireless sensor networks, Network life time, Cluster head

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